A Complete List of the 35 Basic Military Training Instructors Court Martialed in the Lackland Air Force Base Sex Scandal

USAF SealThe Lackland Air Force Base Sex Scandal erupted in the 2011/2012 time frame. Sig Christenson, a reporter from San Antonio Express, slowly began to reveal the sex scandal issues at the basic military training facility in Texas and reported on most of the courts martials initiated by the Air Force. As a result of the escalating media coverage and other forces at play, it gave military sexual assault advocacy organizations a reason to request hearings in front of the House Armed Services Committee. Congressional hearings were held on January 23, 2013.  Both General Edward Rice and General Mark Welsh testified at this hearing along with two retired Air Force women and Dr. David Lisak. In the end, 35 Basic Military Training personnel were courts martialed for allegedly abusing trainees or sex related offenses. Now that the dust has settled and some time has passed, whistleblowers have disclosed that the Air Force investigations trampled on due process rights. And individuals were railroaded with collateral charges which forced them to take plea deals to avoid excessive punishments. Two were found guilty of rape and sentenced to twenty years. The Air Force is being accused of going on a “witch hunt” after being politically motivated to clean up the basic training facility while under the watchful eye of the media, advocates, and Congress. This post was inspired by Never Leave an Airman Behind: How the Air Force Faltered & Failed in the Wake of the Lackland Sex Scandal by Lt Col Craig Perry, USAF Retired.

SSgt Emily Allen
Female Lackland trainer pleads guilty to having sex with a male recruit
Female Air Force trainer involved in sex scandal sentenced to three months in jail

TSgt Bobby Bass
Ex-Trainer Guilty of 31 Counts in Lackland Case
Ex-Lackland instructor not guilty in rape
Ex-Lackland instructor gets 6 months for abuse

TSgt Andrea Bell
Lackland Training Instructor Faces Trial on Sex Charge
Latest MTI case dismissed in rare ruling

TSgt Kyle Billiot
Trainer gets a break in Air Force plea deal
Man found guilty of having unprofessional relationships with students

MSgt Jamey Crawford
Trainer gets 7 months in Lackland scandal
US v. MSgt JAMEY L. CRAWFORD USAF, ACM 38408, 9 April 2015

TSgt Jonathan Croskey
Lackland Begins Article 32 Hearing Against Another Military Training Instructor
12th court martial completed at Joint Base San Antonio Lackland

TSgt John Copenhaver (no information found at this time)

SSgt Donald Davis
AF case against trainer is expanded
Air Force instructor acquitted in sex scandal trial
Acquitted Air Force Instructor Gets Bad Conduct Discharge
US v. SSgt DONALD A. DAVIS USAF, ACM 38359, 18 July 2014

SSgt Ryan Deraas
Airman: Trainer sent sex messages while on duty
Former Lackland trainer sentenced to 3 months in jail
Deraas Pleads Guilty, Gets Bad Conduct Discharge

TSgt Annamarie Ellis
Female AF trainer pleads guilty in recruit abuse trial
Ex-trainer guilty on all counts in recruit abuse case
Former Air Force instructor gets 8 months in prison

SSgt Kwinton Estacio
Air Force trainer pleads guilty in sex scandal
Former Lackland trainer receives 1-year sentence
Air Force boot-camp instructor sentenced to prison in sex scandal
US v. SSgt KWINTON K. ESTACIO USAF, ACM 38256, 11 June 2014

TSgt Marc Gayden
Trainer accused of Christmas Eve sexual assault
Lawyer highlights inconsistencies in military rape allegation
Military jury finds Air Force trainer not guilty
AF sergeant found not guilty in rape case

SSgt John Gerbick
Air Force instructor convicted for relationship with trainees

TSgt Brian Hickingbottom
Training instructor pleads guilty in court martial
Former Lackland MTI Gets Prison
24th Court-Martial Sends Another Training Instructor To Jail

SSgt Robert Hudson
Lackland instructor poured bleach on floor, sickened recruits
Sex, bleach dump lead to jail
Former USAF instructor gets jail in training scandal
US v. SSgt ROBERT A. HUDSON USAF, ACM S32167, 9 September 2014

TSgt Donald Hypolite (no information found at this time)

SSgt Christopher Jackson
Sex case witnesses depict Lackland trainer as a true friend
Texas base instructor pleads guilty in sex scandal
AF instructor is sentenced to 100 days in jail

TSgt Brandon Johnson
Two women testify against Air Force recruiter
Former JBSA military instructor found guilty

SSgt Chadwick Kidd (no information found at this time)

SSgt Craig LeBlanc
Lackland trainer jailed after release
Lackland trainer pleads guilty on two charges
LeBlanc guilty of all but one charge
Lackland trainer gets prison for sexual misconduct

SrA Andrew Lira
AF trainer pleads guilty in sex case
JBSA-Lackland instructor guilty of unprofessional relationships, adultery
Ex-Lackland trainer gets 6 months in sex scandal
Hard Time for Another Lackland MTI in Sex Scandal

SSgt Jason Manko
Military instructor pleads guilty in sex scandal at Lackland
Lackland trainer gets 45 days in jail in sex case
Jason Manko, US Air Force Trainer, Gets 45 Days In Jail In Sex Scandal

TSgt Julio Morales
Former Air Force military training instructor found guilty
Ex-Lackland trainer gets 90 days for adultery
Another Lackland MTI Convicted in Sex Scandal

SrA Christopher Oliver
Lackland instructor pleads guilty to 6 charges in sex case
Trainer to spend 2 years behind bars
Ex-Lackland trainer gets 2 years in sex scandal

SSgt William Romero
Lackland trainer, an Iraq vet, gets 60-day sentence
Air Force training instructor sentenced

TSgt Tamisha Rutledge (no information found at this time)

MSgt Michael Silva
Lackland Rape Charge the Result of Air Force Outreach
Lackland instructor guilty in recruit’s 1995 rape
Lackland instructor gets 20 years in prison in rape cases
MSgt Michael Silva, Lackland Air Force Base Basic Military Training Instructor, Sentenced to 20 Years for Two Rapes

TSgt Christopher Smith
Lackland instructor pleads not guilty in latest court martial
Second Air Force trainer guilty in sex scandal
Air Force Trainer Guilty Of Wooing Female Trainee
Jury finds Texas instructor guilty of 2 charges in Lackland Air Force Base sex scandal

SSgt Eddy Soto
Lackland sergeant found guilty in rape case
Lackland trainer handed 4 years in rape
Court throws out Lackland trainer’s rape conviction
Military overturns Lackland Air Force Base rape conviction

MSgt Joseph Thornberry
Ex-Air Force training instructor found guilty
Lackland MTI convicted in Sex Scandal

SSgt Peter Vega-Maldonado
Two more Lackland AFB instructors implicated in sex scandal

SSgt Luis Walker
Air Force instructor sentenced to 20 years in prison after raping female recruit and sexually assaulting several other women
US v. SSgt LUIS A. WALKER, USAF, ACM 38237, 15 May 2014
Ex-Lackland instructor dead in apparent suicide
SSgt Luis Walker Commits Suicide at Leavenworth Where He Was Serving A 20 Year Sentence for Sexual Assault

SSgt Eric Ware (no information found at this time)

SSgt Samuel Wicks
Stolen phone is at issue in the trial of AF trainer
Convicted trainer facilitated illicit relationship
Judge tosses case against Lackland trainer

SSgt Michael Wladischkin (no information found at this time)

Lt Col Teresa James Shares Experience with Sexual Assault & Reprisal at DoD IG Worldwide Hotline Outreach Conference

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The Department of Defense Inspector General’s office held a Worldwide Hotline Outreach Conference today July 28, 2016. One of their keynote speakers was Lt Col Teresa James, US Army, Retired, highlighted before on this site. The DoD IG twitter feed shared excerpts from her presentation summarized below. As she spoke, I tweeted with them to bring awareness to the specifics that Lt Col James noted and why they are so important. For a complete listing of the tweets by the DoD IG, please visit their Twitter feed here.

Lt Col James addressed some pretty important issues in these few tweets. The first issue is learning that others have been assaulted by the same person as you were. When one makes the realization that these crimes are happening to others, it instantly kicks in a feeling to protect anyone else from being targeted by this individual. It’s confirmation that what happened to you is now part of a pattern. That feeling of isolation and fear of standing alone against the institution begins to diminish and our fight becomes one that stands not only for ourselves but others too.

Research indicates that not only do most perpetrators operate as serial offenders but they also escalate over time and their crimes become more serious in nature. For example, they may start out abusing animals and progress to crimes like sexual harassment, stalking, sexual assault, rape, and eventually murder. We won’t know to what extent unless we report the criminal activity in an effort to track the less serious crimes that could be potential red flags for further violence. The Department of Defense claims reporting is up and reporting is up, but it is restricted reporting. Restricted reporting allows the victim of crime to report in order to get healthcare. The individual who committed the crime is not investigated.

Unrestricted reporting allows the Commander to move forward with a case whether the victim wants to or not or retaliate against the victim and force them out of the military . Once the victim of crime reports, they lose control over the process, they lose confidentiality, they most likely will experience retaliation from both their peers and their Chain of Command, and eventually will lose their career. Victims of crime in the military fear the ensuing retaliation that occurs in an environment where most don’t dare say anything for fear they will be retaliated against next. This is the core argument at the center of the controversy in Congress over who the victims of crimes in the military can report to safely. Advocates of military justice reform argue that victims should report to a military prosecutor whose duty is to both investigate the allegation and give due process protections to the accused and accuser.

Lt Col James is the first reprisal case that the DoD IG has substantiated. This substantiation of the issue of reprisal after reporting sexual assault will help build trust and confidence in the Inspector General’s office but we still have a long way to go. Although the James case was substantiated, the DoD IG does not have jurisdiction over the West Virginia Army National Guard. This case is happening real time and we are awaiting how the West Virginia Army National Guard is going to proceed. Will the officer who retaliated against Lt Col James be held accountable and how? Will the repeat sex offender be held accountable and how? Will National Guard leadership address the sexual assault and reprisal policies within their states to provide consistency in how cases are handled? Who holds The Adjutant General accountable if s/he choose to do nothing. Below is a list of other concerns that need to be addressed within the National Guard.

If a victim of crime in the National Guard needs to leave the workplace for safety reasons, do they get sent home and continue to receive pay until an investigation is completed? National Guard soldiers usually live in the same area, in the same state, and own homes. Who gets sent home during the investigation? If an investigation does not occur or the Commander deems that there is not enough evidence to move forward with a case, where does the victim turn? Does the victim of crime need to continue working with the accused? If the accused is found not guilty, yet the victim refuses to work with the individual, how does this get handled? In a lot of cases the next National Guard base is hundreds of miles away and would require a long commute or moving. How are these specifics handled from a policy perspective?

Does the National Guard keep records of reports of crimes? We are fully integrated with the active duty ranks. We need the ability to track reports of crimes so we can make connections in patterns. There are currently jurisdiction issues with active duty and National Guard. The National Guard commander is the only one that can legally move forward with a  case against someone in their Chain of Command regardless of where the crime occurred. National Guard soldiers frequently deploy, attend technical and leadership academies, and go on temporary duty with their civilian counterparts. If an individual is reported but the allegations cannot be substantiated, does the alleged incident that occurred on an active duty base get reported back to National Guard commander? Is the information entered into a database so we can make connections between cases? What is the policy for how to proceed with crimes committed by National Guard soldiers on active duty bases?

What is the relationship between the National Guard and the civilian courts? Are Commanders referring cases to the civilian authorities? Are they working with civilian authorities in their state and with active duty and other states to track the crimes perpetrated by the offenders both on and off base? Do they have a discharge policy that include how they will handle those found guilty by the civilian authorities and/or military justice system? How do Commanders initiate investigations of crimes perpetrated by one of their own? Do they investigate? Do they summons outside investigators like the Army Criminal Investigation Division? Do they have policy to address how to prosecute the accused in a National Guard setting? Do they hold Administrative Hearings or do they court martial the accused? If the Commander chooses not to do anything, we now know you can report this and any retaliation that occurs to the DoD IG. After the DoD IG substantiates a case, what’s next?

Who holds a peer, leadership, or a Commander responsible for retaliation? Is it the DoD IG? Is it the Adjutant General? Is it the Governor? Is it the Congress in that particular state? Where are the checks and balances? Have these issues been addressed with policy to ensure there are avenues for redress at all levels including the Adjutant General. If the National Guard investigates, are they providing due process rights to the accused, like a lawyer and the ability to take a case to trial as opposed to being discharged dishonorably with a preponderance of the evidence? Is the victim of these crimes in the National Guard supported with both healthcare options and a victim advocate if they report the crimes? Where are the special victims counsel located? Where is the closest JAG office? Who pays for the lawyers for the accused and accuser? Who prosecutes the cases if not referred to the civilian authorities?

Related Links:
Lt Col Teresa James, US Army, Retired Biography
California Military Sexual Assault Bill Becomes Law
California Bill Could Change Military Sex Assault
Pentagon sexual assault report shows high rates of perceived retaliation persist
First time: IG confirms retaliation against rape whistleblower
The war in Congress over rape in the military, explained
Serving in Silence: Sex Assault Retaliation Complaints Investigated
Highlights of Lt Col Teresa James, Army National Guard, Military Sexual Assault Case

Hillary Clinton Picks Senator Tim Kaine, Who Has Blocked MJIA Since 2013, As VP Running Mate

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Senator Tim Kaine (D-VA)

Last night we learned that Hillary Clinton picked Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia as her Vice Presidential running mate. What is interesting about this pick is at one point in a Time magazine article in 2014, Clinton showed public support of the Military Justice Improvement Act, yet she chooses Senator Tim Kaine (D-VA) as her vice presidential running mate who has been blocking the bill since 2013. Of course Senator Angus King (I-ME) endorses this choice since he too has been blocking the due process bill sponsored by Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, Senator Susan Collins, Senator Rand Paul, Senator Ted Cruz, and many other bi-partisan Senators advocating for constitutional rights for military personnel and veterans.

“The move was surprising in that it means that if she becomes President, the normally hawkish Clinton would go against the advice of military brass and remove the cases from the chain of command. It also must have had a little bit of a silver lining dig at McCaskill, who endorsed Barack Obama over Clinton in 2008.” ~Time (2014)

The Military Justice Improvement Act (MJIA) would provide due process rights to both the accused and accuser in military sexual assault cases and felony crimes in general. Currently, a victim has to report the crimes to the Commander. The Commander decides whether an investigation occurs and then is the ultimate authority on whether or not the military prosecutes the accused. As recently as 2013, the Commander could even legally throw out a conviction if s/he felt that the verdict by a jury of peers was the wrong outcome. One of Claire McCaskill’s NDAA amendments addressed this issue and military commanders no longer have the authority to throw out a successful conviction. This particular military justice law change is one of the only good things Claire McCaskill’s military sexual assault bill did for victims and ultimately society. Senator Claire McCaskill, Kelly Ayotte, Roy Blunt, Lindsey Graham, and now Senator Joni Ernst (also a military Commander) have been the most vocal opponents of the MJIA.

Victims of crimes in the military, and now the accused, are asking for a justice system that more closely resembles the way the civilian court systems operate. In the civilian world, the accuser would report the crime to police who would enter the data into a database (even if the victim decides not to move forward with the case). Local police departments have access to national crime databases that would tell them whether or not this person has been reported before and if they have been investigated and/or convicted of any other crimes. In most cases, especially if they have a criminal history, an investigation would be initiated by detectives who specialize in violent crime. Then the detectives would present their findings to a prosecutor who would decide whether or not there was enough evidence to move forward with a case.

The civilian police are more likely to arrest someone accused of rape or sexual assault then the military is. The military Commander may do nothing and expect you to work along side your attacker. In the civilian world, if there is evidence of a crime, the accused would be served, detained or let out on bail depending on a judge’s decision regarding their potential danger to society. The accused is subpoenaed to court and has an opportunity to plead guilty or not guilty at a hearing. They have the right to request a jury trial at that same preliminary hearing. The accused also has a right to be represented by an attorney. If they cannot afford one, a public defender will be provided to them. The victim of the crime will most likely be assigned a victim advocate who would support them through the legal process. They also have a collaborative relationship with the detectives and the prosecutor in an effort to prove the case and assure a successful outcome.

“The chain of command’s involvement in prosecutions, advocates say, is one reason victims have so little confidence in the system. That’s why the MJIA would remove prosecution authority from the chain of command and give it to independent military prosecutors instead.” ~Vox (2016)

Investigators and prosecutors must protect the due process rights of the accused during the investigation and collection of evidence because otherwise it would be impossible to move forward with a winnable case. As a result, prosecutors work with the detectives to ensure evidence is collected appropriately. If the investigators and/or prosecutor do not respect the due process rights of the accused, the case can be thrown out on a technicality. An ethical prosecution demands the protection of due process rights so taxpayer money is not wasted and a person who breaks the law does not escape justice. Protecting the due process rights of the accused allows them to remain innocent until proven guilty and ensures a more successful outcome for a case in the event they are guilty. Protecting the due process rights of the accused ultimately protects the victim of the crime and society at large.

The single investigator model does not guarantee due process rights of the accused or accuser. The military commander has the authority to sweep a case with evidence under the rug or move forward with an unwinnable case while trampling all over the due process rights of the accused. And currently they are politically motivated to move forward with a case despite the lack of evidence in an effort to prove that military commanders are more likely to move forward with a case then military or civilian prosecutors. The military commander has the authority to make a case go away and kick out the victim, railroad the accused with no lawyer, collateral charges, and excessive punishments if they don’t take a plea, and bypass the legal process by kicking the accused out of the military based on a preponderance of the evidence. When the person gets tossed instead of prosecuted, their name never gets entered into a national crime database or sex offender registry that local police departments can access. Meanwhile they unleash the person accused of crimes on an unsuspecting community as was the case with veteran Micah Johnson, Army Reserve.

The politics at play with the constitutional rights of soldiers at stake are ludicrous. Claire McCaskill needs to prove that her military sexual assault bill is effective and the Pentagon did not mislead the Senate by leaving out data on a report arguing that military commanders are more likely to move forward with a case then civilian prosecutors. Protect Our Defenders is accusing the Pentagon of swaying the vote on the MJIA by making the Senate believe that a military commander is more likely to move forward with a case then their civilian counterparts. Military commanders are pressured politically now to move forward with a case to prove the point. This is undue command influence and federal government overreach at its finest. Because there is no evidence to prove a case, acquittal rates between 2012 and 2014 are high according to the Center for Prosecutor Integrity. And in other politically motivated cases, the accused is railroaded with collateral charges, swarmed with command directed investigators without proper representation, and threatened with excessive punishments if they do not take a plea. When politics are at play and the case makes the media, the soldier is scapegoated. The fact that Senators are in favor of a military commander moving forward with cases despite proper investigations and having the legal knowledge to do so is the most compelling.

“Although sexual assault is an important concern, Congress has over-reacted by forcing Commanding Officers to pursue criminal charges in every case regardless of the merit of the allegations.  As a result of the over-charging, data shows that acquittal rates for sex offenses between 2012 and 2014 were high. The answer is not to make it easier for prosecutors to convict, but improve the investigation process to produce reliability of results.” ~Center for Prosecutor Integrity

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Senator Tim Kaine (D-VA) is one of many Senators who has blocked the passage of the Military Justice Improvement Act since 2013. These Senators prefer Command Directed Investigations (the single investigator model) over a justice system that would more closely resemble the civilian court systems.

The constitutional rights of all soldiers must be protected and the real criminals must be held accountable to protect our fellow soldiers and society. The military justice system should operate like the civilian court systems but it does not because prosecutions are guided by the single investigator model also known as command directed investigations influenced by congressional members. We need cases investigated by impartial professionals who specialize in these kind of crimes and collect the necessary evidence so that we can prove guilt or innocence. We need prosecutors to determine whether or not we have the evidence to move forward with a case. They specialize in investigations that protect due process rights and know what it takes to make a case. They need the legal authority to do their job. And lastly, we need reports of crimes entered into a national crime database so we can make the connections between crimes committed against military personnel and the civilians in our communities. The Military Justice Improvement Act is a start but ultimately it would make more sense to process all accusations of crimes through the civilian court systems so we could provide due process to accused and accuser and keep all the reporting data in one centralized database.

Related Links:
U.S. general who overturned sex assault conviction to leave military
Hillary Clinton Backs Gillibrand Bill to Curb Military Sexual Assault
How the Pentagon misled Congress to stop a law intended to help rape victims
Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand Slams Obama Over Inaction on Military Sexual Assault
The war in Congress over rape in the military, explained
Micah Johnson, Army Reserves, Responsible for Dallas Police Officer Shootings
Democrat Clinton picks Kaine as running mate, bypassing liberals
Clinton VP pick could face liberal ire
Center for Prosecutor Integrity: Military Justice Project

Honoring The Five Dallas Police Officers Murdered by Micah Johnson, US Army Reserve Veteran

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Honoring the five Dallas Police Department police officers murdered by Micah Johnson, US Army Reserves veteran, on July 7, 2016 in Dallas, Texas. They are Lorne Ahrens, 48; Michael Krol, 40; Michael Smith, 55; Brent Thompson, 43; and Patrick Zamarripa, 32.

The Latest: Slain Dallas Officers Remembered at Vigil
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Dallas Police Shooting Victims: These Are the Names of the Officers Killed
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Lorne Ahrens:
Slain Dallas Officer Lorne Ahrens was out of surgery when something went wrong
Slain Dallas Officer Served L.A. County Sheriff’s Dept, Was ‘Big Guy With an Even Bigger Heart’
Who Is Officer Lorne Ahrens? The ‘Fearless’ Dallas Cop Died In The Tragic Sniper Ambush
Officer Lorne Ahrens: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know
Officer Down Memorial Page: Lorne Bradley Ahrens

Michael Krol:
‘It doesn’t seem real’: Family of slain Dallas officer mourns ‘big guy’ with ‘big heart’
Slain Dallas police officer Michael Krol was East Longmeadow High School graduate
Metro Detroit native Michael Krol among Dallas officers killed
Slain Dallas police officer was from Michigan, worked for Wayne County Sheriff’s Office
Officer Down Memorial Page: Michael Krol

Michael Smith:
‘One of the good guys’: Michael Smith had been a Dallas police officer for 25 years
Michael Smith: One of the fallen Dallas police heroes
Police officer Michael Smith, among Dallas victims, was an Army Ranger vet
Who Was Michael Smith? The Dallas Police Officer Was A Veteran On The Force
Officer Down Memorial Page: Michael Joseph Smith

Brent Thompson:
The cop who took on Dallas shooter single-handed
Slain Dallas transit officer Brent Thompson recently married
Brent Thompson married fellow transit officer weeks before dying in Dallas shooting
Officer Brent Thompson: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know
Officer Down Memorial Page: Brent Alan Thompson

Patrick Zamarripa:
‘Too Young’: Devastated Family Mourns Dallas Officer Patrick Zamarripa
Officer Patrick Zamarripa survived three tours in Iraq before being killed in Dallas
Latino Police Officer, Navy Vet Patrick Zamarripa Killed in Dallas Ambush
Slain Dallas police officer Patrick Zamarripa, a Mexican-American Navy veteran, loved being a cop, dad
Officer Down Memorial Page: Patricio E. Zamarripa

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Honoring the five Dallas PD officers we lost and their fellow police officers, families, and friends.

If You Look at the Dollars, Guard Recruiting Assistance Program Investigations Make No Sense

Guest Post Submitted By Liz Ullman

“We are looking at spending over $600,000 of tax payer dollars for $2,000 that was allegedly stolen, most likely over 3-6 years ago, under a program that was deemed to be flawed, mismanaged and inherently opaque by the US Army’s own leadership.”

10456822-Cash-dollar-signs-Texture--Stock-Photo-bill It is true, that our forefathers set out to create a judicial system that blindly judged the accused in a manner that afforded them the opportunity to receive a fair trial, regardless of race, sex, beliefs, political stature or societal standings. However, as shown in the Guard Recruiting Assistance Program (G-RAP) scandal, it appears today’s judicial system is more about your ability to secure good lawyers and your civil status than it is about determining guilt versus innocence.

Most soldiers charged for their participation in G-RAP cannot afford an attorney. They are bullied by Army Criminal Investigative Command (CID) Agents to take polygraphs, provide incomplete statements (which are then used as evidence against them) and to accept a plea for criminal acts they did not commit. Without adequate counsel these service members are given ultimatums or forced to accept deals that leave them powerless. At best they are issued overworked public defenders who place them in a pool of other criminals including rapist, murderers and thieves. Soldiers are pushed to take plea bargains by the prosecution in an effort to give CID a quick victory and take the case off the public defender’s plate. However, this system puts a hefty burden on the soldier regardless of what road they take.

If a soldier decides to fight the case they have a few options. The first option is to use a public defender who will most likely have little time for defending their client. If soldiers pass up a plea deal and take it to trial they risk receiving a harsh sentence if found guilty. Gambling on a trial and using a public defender has huge risks given the complexity of the G-RAP program. This sort of case requires someone specialized, who can grasp the enormity of the case as well as the complexity of what it takes to win a case of this nature. When a soldier gambles and loses, the result is possibly spending years in incarceration, loss of all government benefits and retirement and a future of issues with trying to obtain a job with a criminal background. Undoubtedly, this option costs the soldier potentially hundreds of thousands of dollars.

The second option is to hire a good attorney. A good attorney runs around $500-800/hr. The average case will cost a soldier $30,000-50,000 before it ever even goes to trial. Yes, you read that correctly. Just to receive representation to prepare for trial costs a massive amount of money and they haven’t even made it to trial yet. Because of the complexity of the G-RAP program it takes attorneys hours upon hours to sift through witness statements, understand and learn the G-RAP training manuals, conduct counter interviews, meet with district attorneys and everything else that is needed to prove the soldier’s innocence. To go through trial can cost the soldier upwards of $100,000. In reality, $100,000 is not something a lot of soldiers have laying around since they have most likely been living off government wages for most of their career.

So, what does this mean for the soldier? It means no matter what, if you are charged for your participation under the G-RAP program, you are doomed to pay a large amount of money. No matter what, guilty or not, you will pay. Even if you win your trial you will receive no money back for your legal fees, troubles or lost wages. The idea here is that you are guilty, now it’s up to you to prove yourself innocent.

But wait, there’s more.

Because CID has a tendency to slander their victims your name will most likely be dragged through the mud in the process. CID loves to air their dirty laundry on various websites such as armytimes.com, starsandstripes.com and both local and national news sources. However, if you are successful, there is no effort by either CID or the news sources to report on your innocence. Instead, you now have a digital stamp of guilt that exists on internet search engines that will appear to any future employer, friend or colleague who might look you up. This can lead to a future loss of jobs and a lifetime of explanations. Also, many people will assume you are guilty but managed to get off due to some technicality.

So what does all this pain and hardship cost the government?

Well, let’s say you are accused of stealing $2,000 from the US government which is the case in some of the more recent indictments. In order to process a G-RAP case the government put CID agents on orders which costs an estimated $10 million dollars a year. These agents have been on orders for no less than four years which means our taxpayers are spending upwards of $40,000,000. Let’s say, for argument sake, that we have 1,000 soldiers processed criminally for their participation in the program. That would mean the cost to simply investigate each crime is roughly $40,000. Then lets say that soldier goes to trial. The cost for a five-day trial is about another $5,000. This doesn’t include the cost of all the meetings, possibly a public defender or any pre-trials and or appeals. Then let’s say this soldier is convicted and sent to prison for five years. On average it costs around $35,000/year for an inmate in the US, which means total jail time for that soldier is $175,000 to the taxpayers.

But wait, there’s more. Because we are sending a soldier to prison that soldier will have to be replaced by the US military. The average cost to replace a soldier is upwards of $400,000 for non-specialized troops. So now we are looking at spending over $600,000 of tax payer dollars for $2,000 that was allegedly stolen, most likely over 3-6 years ago, under a program that was deemed to be flawed, mismanaged and inherently opaque by the US Army’s own leadership.

In the end, everyone pays because of CID’s and the US Army leadership’s decision to prosecute and slander innocent soldiers.

For more information, please visit Stop G-RAP Injustice on Facebook.

Micah Johnson, US Army Reserves Veteran, Responsible for Police Officer Shootings in Dallas, Texas

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Micah Johnson, US Army Reserves

Micah Johnson, a US Army Reserves veteran, is accused of gunning down and murdering five Dallas police officers during a Black Lives Matter Event on July 8, 2016. This is considered one of the deadliest attacks on police officers since September 11, 2001. He was eventually killed in a stand off with police. In recent media reports we learned that Micah Johnson deployed to Afghanistan from November 2013 to July 2014. He was accused of sexual harassment while deployed to Afghanistan in May 2014. He was accused of stalking and stealing women’s underwear as well. The victim sought a protection order and told superiors he needed mental health treatment. The protection order was granted and the Commanding officer recommended an Other Than Honorable discharge and sent him home early from his deployment to Afghanistan. Johnson’s military attorney stated that this kind of punishment is unusual for an isolated incident of sexual harassment. As part of a tentative agreement, it was recommended that Johnson receive a general discharge which saves the Army time and resources needed to discharge soldiers under Other Than Honorable conditions. Instead he was eventually released from the Army with a honorable discharge in April 2015.

As a result of his actions while serving, he was not investigated and prosecuted but instead sent back home from overseas and discharged from the US Army Reserves honorably. Although we have limited information in which to base conclusions, at first glance this looks like a case of escalation of predatory behavior that starts with sexual harassment, progresses to stalking, then the individual gets brazen and starts breaking and entering to steal his victims belongings. It would only be a matter of time before the individual escalated to sexual assault, rape and then murder. It’s too early to make a definitive conclusion as we are still waiting for information to come in because this story is developing. But one thing we do know is that the US Army Reserves took the easy way out, booted Micah Johnson from the military to protect it’s service members, and unleashed him on society with no warning or records. This case is another reason why we need the military to investigate and process each and every case through the legal system so we at least have a fighting chance at prevention and escalation of crimes. If the military can’t handle or afford to investigate and prosecute each case to determine the soldier’s danger to society, then maybe they should hand over the investigation and prosecution of crimes to the civilians. This isn’t the first case they let slip through the cracks and it certainly won’t be the last.

‘I just wanted a piece of him’: College officers pushed through injuries in Dallas shooting
Military Snipers: Dallas Shooter NO “Sniper”
When Army career ended in disgrace, Dallas gunman was ostracized
During Army days, Dallas shooter was a mediocre marksman
‘Kind of goofy’: Friends recall Dallas gunman’s personality
Still No Explanation for Dallas Gunman’s Honorable Discharge
Dallas cop killer Micah Johnson was BLACKLISTED by black militant group two years ago after background check branded him ‘unfit for recruitment’
The Dallas Shooter Wanted To Stay In This Anti-Semitic Black Militant Group
Dallas Shooter Faced Sexual-Harassment Allegations in Army, Military Lawyer Says
The latest: President Obama orders flags lowered to half-staff
Officer killed in Dallas shootings had survived 3 tours in Iraq
Dallas Police shooting: Victims served in Navy & Marine Corps, suspect had been in Army
The Dallas Shooting Suspect Had Military Experience
Dallas Shooter Accused Of Sexual Harassment In Army
Dallas gunman studied ‘shoot and move’ tactics, black nationalism
Dallas Shooter Micah Johnson Was Accused of Sexual Harassment During His Military Days
The female soldier who ‘pervert’ Dallas cop killer sexually harassed as colleague reveals murderer used to ‘steal girls’ panties’
Fellow soldier accused Dallas shooter of sexual harassment
Dallas police killer ‘sexually harassed woman soldier who warned he was unstable and pleaded for protection’
Dallas shooter stockpiled weapons and was accused of harassment
What we know about the suspected shooter in Dallas
‘Loner’ Dallas gunman had bomb materials and kept journal of combat tactics
Dallas gunman Micah Johnson honed tactics at local combat school
Dallas officers shot to death include newlywed, Iraq veteran
Neighbor recalls his conversation with the Dallas shooter
Meet the Remotec Andros Mark V-A1, the robot that killed the Dallas shooter
Dallas suspect taunted police during 2 hours of negotiation
Dallas sniper shooting: 5 police officers slain, suspect ID’d as Army vet Micah Johnson

Heath Phillips, Active Duty Military & Veterans Advocate, a Voice for Male Victims of Crime

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Heath Phillips, US Navy

Heath Phillips is a US Navy veteran who served his country honorably up until he became a victim of sexual assault while on board the ship he was assigned to. As a result of the crimes, Heath chose not to go back to the ship in an effort to escape the hazing, retaliation, and further sexual and physical assault that awaited him. Instead he went Absent Without Leave (AWOL) and was eventually given an Other Than Honorable (OTH) discharge from the military. As a result of the discharge status, his life has been impacted greatly up to and including not having the ability to access veteran’s health care and compensation at the Department of Veterans Affairs for the injuries he sustained in the line of duty. Since 2009, he has been an active voice for male victims of crimes in the military and has helped to educate the public about male military sexual assault issues. He has helped Representative Jackie Speier gain support for the Sexual Assault Training, Oversight, and Prevention Act (STOP Act). He has supported Senator Kirsten Gillibrand in efforts to pass the Military Justice Improvement Act (MJIA). He advocated on behalf of the Human Rights Watch organization for passage of the Fairness for Veterans Act. He continues to work closely with organizations and members of Congress to elevate support for male victims of crimes in the military and improve care for them in active duty and veteran status.

Uniform Betrayal: Rape in the Military (Documentary)
Heath’s Story of Surviving Military Sexual Assault
Military Rape Speech 6 by Congresswoman Jackie Speier
Rape in the Military, The Rest of the Story…
Male sailor went AWOL to avoid being repeatedly gang raped
Service members choose AWOL over rape
Breaking the Silence: Men who are sexually assaulted in the military often find it difficult to report the crime, that’s one reason they rarely get justice.
Gillibrand Opening Statement at Senate Subcommittee Hearing Examining Impact of Military Sexual Assault, Links to PTSD and Suicides
Son, Men Don’t Get Raped
Sexual assault survivor addresses Soldiers of Combat Aviation Brigade
Command Highlights (April 2016): A Look at What the Army Commands Are Doing In Their SHARP Programs (FORSCOM)
Booted: Lack of Recourse for Wrongfully Discharged US Military Rape Survivors
Military Sexual Assault Victims Discharged After Filing Complaints
Derogatory discharge papers blight lives of military who report sexual assault
New Report Says Pentagon Not Doing Enough For Sexual Assault Victims
Derogatory Discharge Papers Blight Lives Of Military Who Report Sexual Assault
Military must do right by wrongly-discharged sexual assault victims, advocates say
Coffman Introduces Fairness for Veterans Act (Ensures veterans with PTSD receive due consideration in post-discharge appeals process)
Why the Navy is making a major change in its approach to PTSD

The Army Stands Ready to Investigate Any Reports & Allegations of Sexual Assault Going Back to 2000 or Earlier

Claim: Sexual assault victims punished and lose health care benefits as a result.

HRW claims in their report that many service members lose their military career after being sexually assaulted & they have discharge papers that prevent them from getting health benefits.

DoD rejected the conclusions of the HRW report.

DoD states “they have many victims of sexual assault who receive honorable discharges from the military. There is a policy in place that offers assistance for anyone that reports a sexual assault. It is critical every survivor is treated with sensitivity that they deserve.”

Media states that victim was raped multiple times while serving her country and that they contacted the DoD and Army about her case, a case from 15 years ago.

She states that she was military intelligence, had lots of prescreening prior to enlistment. Promising path, requested by Chain of Command to apply to West Point. After first rape in military, her promising path turned to being retaliated against, and there were two more rapes for reporting the rape. It ended career with an illegal, bogus, discharge. Decade and a half later, still fighting to correct it.

What happened when you went to report the sexual assaults?

When I went to report, I worked interservices, I worked with Marines, Army, Air Force. I actually went to a Marine Corps Ball with another peer in the USMC. I went with an Army battle buddy to the Marine Corps Ball. Battle buddy went to Chain of Command and let them know that the rape had happened after the Marine Corps Ball. I was taken in by military police and civilian authorities. I was taken to the hospital so there were hospital reports, there were police reports. It was extremely documented but nothing was done to the perpetrator. He was questioned, they let it go. It wasn’t even presented to the district attorney in the area where the rape occurred.

Were you pressured to keep quiet?

Absolutely, not only did I lose my career as a result of it but leading up to that was a bunch of hazing going on, they tried to bring different charges against me, things as ridiculous as failing to soldierize because I wore non military underwear under my PTs. So really ridiculous stuff, just tried to make me want to be shamed and silenced. When I was discharged, typically a person is given 6-7 months of a process where they are notified they are going to be discharged from the military, mine happened in one afternoon. There was only the drill sergeant involved, so there wasn’t anyone who had given me a medical evaluation. I was given an honorable discharge but what happened is the chain of command, without being seen by any licensed professional, put on my paperwork that I had a personality disorder. Which basically meant not only was my military career ending in that one afternoon, not given 6 months notice, not given any attorneys, no due process, but also meant I lost all of my GI Bill, lost access to VA, so all benefits, and it was unsubstantiated so even the Army stated policy of how they are supposed to handle rape cases was not followed. So instead of handling the rape cases and dealing with it, I lost my career and subsequently lost all opportunities to be able to get back in the military. Which also meant that follows me as a civilian, and although I’m probably one of the very few people that have gone back and brought the case up to the VA (Veterans Affairs), I’ve actually gone thru six cases with the VA proving that I do not have a personality disorder, and yet nothing is done as far as the Department of Defense to correct my paperwork. So whenever I go to apply for Sheriff’s Department job, any kind of State government job, if they look at my military record, it says I was honorably discharged before my enlistment was up, but it says I had a personality disorder, which obviously has been proved that I don’t have that, and actually I have just went through rape and they just discard you.

You said this personality diagnosis haunts you to this day, we contacted the Army and they said changes have been made and they would be willing to investigate if you make a formal complaint. I want your take on statement:

Your response?

That’s the first I’ve heard it. I think there’s been a lot of changes with regards to the personality disorders in the last few years. There has not been enough to correct the thousands of service members who have discharges like mine. If the military is willing to look at my case that would be great. I’ve been working with, and trying to get people, I’ve spoke out to Congress on numerous occasions the last decade and a half trying to get somebody to look at it. I know on June 16th of this year, the Secretary of Navy signed policy that was going to look at all discharges and go back and correct those for anyone who was a military sexual trauma (MST) survivor or anyone that had a TBI and was given these kinds of discharges. That just happened this month but I have not seen the Army take action because right now, they say you can go to Board of Corrections. But with Board of Corrections, less then 1% actually get cases heard, very little chance for that.

With this statement, do you plan to contact the Army & follow up? This statement says they are ready to investigate.

It’s actually as of 2 weeks ago sitting in the House Committee so I am waiting for them to contact me. And I even emailed them yesterday about it. It would be wonderful if they would take a look at my case, mine is one of the most documented cases. It would be a breath of fresh air and certainly justice that has been denied for a long time, if that is the case.


Link to HRW request for military sexual assault survivor’s testimony.
Link to Human Rights Watch Retaliation Report.
Link to video interview with HRW Report participant.
Link to Symptoms of Personality Disorders.
Link to Reactions of Victim after Sexual Assault.
Link to Unrestricted Reporting Policy in the Army.
Link to DoD Sexual Assault Prevention & Response Office (Reporting).
Link to Correcting Military Service Records.
Link to Army Review Boards Agency (Discharge Upgrades & PTSD).
Link to How to Apply for Veterans Affairs Benefits.
Link to Disability Compensation for Conditions Related to MST
Why the Navy is making a major change in its approach to PTSD

The Conspiracy Behind the G-RAP War on American Soldiers

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Guard Recruiting Assistance Program

Guest Post Submitted by Darron Smith

In a complicated, twisted tale of alleged corruption and betrayal over budgetary wars, a presumed cover-up simmers at a colossal scale between the Army and the National Guard. Soldiers are the exploited pawns in the largest politically motivated fraud investigation ever conducted by a military component against its own forces. This may sound like suspenseful fiction, but as many National Guardsmen and women can attest, this is all too real. An estimated 24,000 National Guard soldiers have been caught in the dragnet, which all stems from a successful military-enlistment recruiting program that financially compensated citizen-soldiers who aided in efforts to boost military strength. Documents and public records obtained through the Freedom of Information Act along with credible sources points to a disturbing persecution of soldiers and veterans as well as the batch processing of mass indictments.

At a time when US forces were scattered among Iraq, Kuwait and Afghanistan, the overall end strength numbers were low. Army National Guard Director, Lt. General Clyde A. Vaughn (ret), and his staff had an idea to resupply the branches with fresh bodies—make anyone a potential recruiter by offering a financial incentive of $2,000.00 for each successful enlistment. Vaughn deeply felt that a peer-enlistment program might ease the hemorrhaging of a nationwide manpower shortage. And he was correct. The program, dubbed G-RAP (Guard Recruiting Assistance Program), ran from 2005-2012 and was an enormous success, as it replenished the ranks. Other branches of the military ultimately mirrored that recruiting program, but none to the magnitude of the NGB (National Guard Bureau). And none of them received the amount of government money that the Guard received to achieve this success.

Though G-RAP stood as a great achievement in strengthening the reserve forces, by 2012, all RAPs (Recruiting Assistance Programs) were suspended indefinitely, primarily due to media publicity of widespread fraud. NGB took the most heat, consistently projected as having lost upwards of $100 million. The truth, however, has been largely obscured. After four years of costly investigations, only $2 to 3 million “has been successfully prosecuted in civil courts.” But what is more disconcerting is that NGB, routinely criticized for its lack of oversight, no longer had the supervision in their control. Based on a previously unpublished Army Inspector General Report, a closed door meeting took place in May 2007 where it was decided by an ad hoc committee comprised of representatives from Army Criminal Investigation Division (CID), Defense Criminal Investigation Service (DCIS) and the Air Force Office of Special Bureau (AFSOI) “that Docupak would turn over any suspected occurrences of fraud directly to CID,” and that NGB, specifically the State Adjutants General (TAG), would be deliberately left out of the information loop. The rationale given at the time was that the DCIS did not want interference from high-ranking Guard officials.

There is evidence, however, that some TAGs were successfully handling all reported incidents of fraud internally in their own states up until that point with detection and prevention controls. It was not until these controls were halted in the May 2007 meeting that the Guard lost the ability to monitor, discipline and correct such incidents of fraud. Perplexingly, all of this was done without the Guard’s knowledge. In a recent interview in the Washington Times, General Vaughn reported that “he was kept in the dark” about the occurrence of fraud in the field and that CID purposely did not inform him about fraud cases. “No one can correct a problem if you do not know it exists,” stated Vaughn.

The CID did not have any prerogative to make such changes to regulation, as it would require a Congressional act; yet, in 2009 (and again in 2014), changes were made to the CID Manual that removed the language to report crimes through the TAG. But simply changing the manual did not mean it was constitutional to do so under the sovereign rights of each state and US territories. What’s more, there has been discussion in legal circles as to whether or not CID is operating outside its jurisdiction in the investigation of National Guard members. According to the Constitution as well as Department of Defense Directives (DoDD) 5105.77, the NGB is under the direct command of the state TAG and ultimately the governor unless a battalion has been mobilized for federal duty, at which point they then fall under Title 10 (active duty status) and the command of the President. The majority of those indicted are known as “M-day soldiers.” In other words, they are “weekend warriors” working for the Guard once a month and two weeks a year in official drill status (aka, Title 32). If an individual under Title 32 were to come under some criminal deed, it is the role of the TAG to take action. In fact, the TAGs have guidance on enforcing discipline and protecting soldier’s rights as it is articulated in the 2015 Commander’s Legal Handbook. The CID, as a faction of the big Army, only has command over Title 10 soldiers; it does not, to this day, have any authority over most members of the National Guard in these investigations, save a select few individuals who were deployed on active duty while participating in G-RAP.

This then raises the question, why is the regular Army harassing National Guard soldiers and violating their constitutional rights in the first place? Most of the soldiers under suspicion for theft of government property are not subject to regular Army discipline. Before that question can be answered, there is another piece of the puzzle to be scrutinized—the alarming results of CID’s investigations.

The U.S. Army Audit Agency had concern regarding the potential of individual fraud within RAPs. After reviewing over 150,000 enlistments ($339 million in payments), the June 2012 Audit identified 3,200 soldiers in the fraud-risk assessment. They found 1,256 recruiters suspicious of medium to high risk for fraud. Additionally, there were 2,022 RAs that “potentially violated program rules.” Of those RAs, only a quarter of them were found to be intentional acts. The remaining 1,400 recruiting assistants appeared to have unknowingly and unintentionally violated the rules of G-RAP, which is entirely plausible considering there were 60 changes to G-RAP rules during its seven years in existence .

This report fueled an investigation of another style from the Senate Subcommittee on Financial and Contracting Oversight. Despite the Audit’s fraud findings, the Army CID quickly dispatched approximately 200 field investigators under “Task Force Raptor” to scrutinize all 106,364 individuals who participated in G-RAP for any possibility of fraud. Senator Claire M. McCaskill (D, MO) set a directive that CID should flood the nation’s landscape and courageously return ill-gotten dollars to the American taxpayers. CID agents were encouraged to flash badges, obtain DNA swabs, issue polygraph tests and secure fingerprints in an effort to scare soldiers into revealing any useful material that could be later used against them. One former CID agent admitted that they were urged to lie to potential witnesses and persons-of-interest if usable information could be extracted. They were then instructed to report the numbers of potential indictments back to Senator McCaskill’s office on a quarterly basis, ostensibly to ensure they were meeting her demands of accountability. But a federal indictment of fraud is a crime requiring specific intent. In other words, conviction relies on the government’s ability prove the individual knew of the specific rules and guidelines and intentionally broke them for monetary enrichment.

Nevertheless, CID’s report prepared for the February 2014 Senate Subcommittee hearing led by Senator McCaskill found over 22,000 soldiers associated with payments that were at risk for fraud. This number is over seven times greater than the original Army Audit estimation at a rate of 1.7-3%. The FBI estimates that insurance fraud—one of the highest areas of civilian fraud—is at a rate of 3-10% of all insurance cases. Conversely, CID is now suggesting that those who proudly wear the uniform are felons at a rate of over 20%. Put differently, 1 in 5 soldiers are alleged criminals, 2 to 7 times more likely to commit fraud than the civilian population. This is clear evidence that these claims are audacious.

How is it possible that so many service members are accused of fraud? How is it that the CID investigations found an additional 18,000-20,000 offenders from the Audit’s estimation? Is it possible that this is a witch-hunt? This fishing expedition turned into a conspiracy theory as Sen. McCaskill stated, “I mean, it is almost like word got out and nobody was paying attention, and all of a sudden everybody was, okay, the bank is open. Let us go for it.” The moderate democrat further opined, “I mean there is no way that there was not a culture of people saying, hey, here is the deal. There is a bounty and we know these people are signing up.” But rather than a vast number of soldiers intentionally scamming the government they swore to protect, a much more plausible answer would be that most all were following a set of murky rules as they understood them.

Senator McCaskill’s supposed effort directed to bring about justice for the American people instead turned into a catastrophe where the wrath eventually rolled downhill to the most vulnerable of peoples, our service members. Let off the hook were Docupak and military Brass who were responsible for the proper administration and oversight of G-RAP. One possible explanation for the morass is a skirmish over federal defense dollars when the Guard received the lion share of contract monies to operate G-RAP. Or perhaps it is something as simple as an attempt to justify the military drawdown of troops currently underway. This time, the scapegoat would be the American soldier, more specifically National Guardsman, as McCaskill’s goons sought to manufacture felons. Unfortunately, those are the casualties of politics, but these service members deserve more. They deserve answers and accountability from our leaders.

[1] Unpublished U.S. Army Inspector General Agency Report of Investigation (ROI) (Recruiting Assistance Program) 2014.
[2] Memorandum from U.S. Army Audit Agency to Recruiting Assistance Program Task Force Regarding Audit of Recruiting Assistance Programs – Reserve Components (June 4, 2012) (Report A 2012 0115 IEF), Enclosure 1.
[3] CID Investigators report (G-RAP Training) Nov, 2013.

Learn more at Stop G-RAP Injustice on Facebook.

TSgt Zechariah Casagranda, US Air Force (2016)

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TSgt Zechariah Casagranda, US Air Force

Honoring TSgt Zechariah Casagranda, Barksdale Air Force Base, US Air Force, who was murdered in the rear parking lot of the Rockin Rodeo in Bossier City, Louisiana at 2:00 a.m. on January 24, 2016. The 34 year old airman was stabbed during an altercation involving two groups of men at the night club. Bossier City Police Department’s Violent Crimes Unit detectives arrested 21 year old Benjamin William Shaw of Killeen, Texas in connection with the fatal stabbing. Shaw is facing a charge of second degree murder. Shaw posted $500,000 bond and was released to the custody of his parents in Naples, Maine.

Louisiana authorities made Cumberland County Sheriff’s Department in Maine aware of the case and they were asked to periodically check in on Shaw. But other local officials are concerned that they were not notified and are not sure why he was allowed to travel to Maine. According to WMTW, Shaw can’t leave Cumberland County, except to meet with his attorney or for court appearances. He has to surrender his passport, can’t have firearms or weapons, and can’t have contact with the victim’s family. Shaw must also report to the Cumberland County Sheriff’s Office weekly.

Barksdale airman stabbed to death outside night club
Airman from Lingleville murdered in Louisiana
Identity released of airman killed in Bossier City stabbing
Technical Sergeant Zechariah Casagranda identified in fatal stabbing
Man arrested in fatal stabbing of Barksdale airman
Sheriff not notified Louisiana murder suspect living in Maine
Accused Louisiana killer out on bail in Maine
Louisiana murder suspect living in Naples with his parents